Care After Minor Oral Surgery (video)
If you have any of the following problems after oral surgery, call your dentist right away (you can go to hospital emergency if your dentist or any other dentist is not available):
Some pain is normal after the numbness wears off. You will have the most pain in the first 24 to 48 hours after your surgery. Some soreness or discomfort at the site of the surgery may last for three to five days. The amount of discomfort depends on the kind of surgery you have, how healthy you are in general and how active you are. If you are up and about, you may feel more discomfort. It's best to rest. Your dentist may prescribe painkillers to dull the pain. He or she may also prescribe an antibiotic to help prevent infection.
Your face may swell in the first 24 hours after oral surgery. The swelling may last for five to seven days. Once the swelling starts to go down, your face may bruise. The bruising could last for up to 10 days after your surgery.
After surgery, your jaw muscles may be sore and it may be hard to open your mouth for up to seven to 10 days. Your jaw muscles may have become stiff and sore from holding your mouth open during surgery.
This the most common complication following tooth extractions; it delays the normal healing process and occurs when the newly formed blood clot in the extraction site does not form correctly or is prematurely lost. The most common symptom of dry socket is intense pain on the extraction site and surrounding structures.
There is no specific treatment for dry socket as it is a self limiting condition that will improve and resolve with time. However, your dentist can help to control the pain by placing a sedative dressing in the wound and by prescribing painkillers.
Occasionally, patients may feel a hard, bony bump with their tongue, sometimes weeks following an extraction. This bump usually is not due to a tooth or lose bone fragment, but it represents the bony wall which supported the tooth and is now protruding through the gum. These bony projections occur most frequently in lower molar extraction areas, adjacent to the tongue, and they resolve (smooth out) spontaneously. Contact you dentist for a followup examination of the extraction site.
Prolonged numbness of the lip, chin or tongue is usually temporary in nature. Patients have to be careful not to bite the lips or tongue while numb because there will be a lack of sensation. Contact your dentist for followup if you experience prolonged numbness after surgery.